Walton's Plant Library

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper

Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl'

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Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper (Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl') at Walton's Garden Center

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper fruit

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper (Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl') at Walton's Garden Center

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  18 inches

Spread:  20 inches

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  (annual)

Other Names:  Ornamental Chili, Chili Pepper


A beautiful ornamental pepper grown for its stunning black foliage and fruits; foliage emerges green and turns black in full sun; fruits are rounded peppers that are glossy black and very showy; a perfect contrast plant for hot locations

Ornamental Features

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper is primarily grown for its highly ornamental fruit. The fruits are showy black peppers carried in abundance from mid summer to early fall. It features subtle lilac purple star-shaped flowers dangling from the stems from late spring to mid summer. Its pointy leaves emerge green in spring, turning black in color with distinctive deep purple veins throughout the season.

This plant is primarily grown as an ornamental, but it's also valued for its edible qualities. The oblong spicy peppers are most often used in the following ways:

  • Cooking
  • Drying
  • Seasoning
  • Sauces

Landscape Attributes

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper is an herbaceous annual with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Border Edging
  • General Garden Use
  • Herb Gardens
  • Container Planting
  • Hanging Baskets

Planting & Growing

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper will grow to be about 18 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 inches. This vegetable plant is an annual, which means that it will grow for one season in your garden and then die after producing a crop.

This plant should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It may require supplemental watering during periods of drought or extended heat. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America. It can be propagated by cuttings; however, as a cultivated variety, be aware that it may be subject to certain restrictions or prohibitions on propagation.

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor containers and hanging baskets. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers against which the larger thriller plants stand out. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Massing  Edging  Garden  Herb  Container  Basket 
Ornamental Features